Materi dan Latihan Soal Idiom - Lesson 12

Materi dan Latihan Soal Idiom - Lesson 12. Memahami Lebih Banyak Idiom Bahasa Inggris

Mari kita lanjutkan perjalanan kita untuk memahami lebih banyak idiom dalam bahasa Inggris. Pada bagian ini, kita akan menjelajahi ungkapan yang melibatkan kekinian, ketinggalan zaman, ledakan, kebakaran, kesuksesan, logika, penyebaran cepat, dan pandangan terhadap orang lain.

1. Up to Date: Modern, Saat Ini, Tepat Waktu

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • The president insisted that the company bring its aging equipment up to date.

  • This catalog is not up to date. It was published several years ago.

  • The news program gave an up-to-date account of the nuclear accident. The newscaster said that he would update the news report every half hour.


"Up to date" berarti sesuatu yang modern, saat ini, atau tepat waktu. Pembaruan atau informasi terkini terkait dengan kata kerja "to update."

2. Out of Date: Tidak Modern, Tidak Saat Ini, Sudah Tidak Tersedia Lagi dalam Bentuk Terbitan

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • Many people buy new cars when their old cars become out of date.

  • I don't know why Gene likes to wear out-of-date clothing. His clothes are so outdated that even his girlfriend hesitates to be seen with him.

  • This book can't be ordered anymore because it is out of date.


"Out of date" berarti sesuatu yang sudah ketinggalan zaman atau tidak lagi tersedia dalam bentuk terbitan. Kata kerja pasif "to be outdated" berasal dari idiom ini.

3. To Blow Up: Mengisi Udara; Meledak, Menghancurkan (atau Dihancurkan) oleh Ledakan

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • Daddy, could you please blow up this balloon for me?

  • When the airplane crashed into the ground, it blew up immediately.

  • The military had to blow the missile up in midair when it started to go the wrong way.


"To blow up" dapat berarti mengisi udara, seperti balon, atau meledak dan menghancurkan sesuatu.

4. To Catch Fire: Mulai Terbakar

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • Don't stand too close to the gas stove. Your clothes may catch fire.

  • No one seems to know how the old building caught fire.


"To catch fire" berarti memulai terbakar.

5. To Burn Down: Terbakar Perlahan, Namun Tuntas (biasanya dikatakan pada lilin); Menghancurkan Secara Total oleh Api

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • There was a large amount of wax on the table where the candles had burned down.

  • The fire spread so quickly that the firefighters could not prevent the whole block of buildings from burning down.


"To burn down" berarti terbakar perlahan namun tuntas, biasanya dikatakan pada lilin, atau menghancurkan secara total oleh api.

6. To Burn Up: Menghancurkan Secara Total oleh Api; Membuat Marah atau Sangat Kesal (juga - to tick off)

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • She didn't want anyone to see the letter, so she burned it up and threw the ashes away.

  • It really burns me up that he borrowed my car without asking me first.

  • Mike got ticked off that his friends never offered to help him move to his new apartment. He had to do everything himself.


"To burn up" dan "to burn down" (idiom sebelumnya) memiliki definisi yang sama, tetapi juga memiliki definisi yang berbeda. "To burn up" juga berarti membuat marah atau sangat kesal.

7. To Burn Out: Berhenti Berfungsi karena Penggunaan Berlebihan; Membuat Capek karena Terlalu Banyak Kerja

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • This light bulb has burned out. Could you get another one?

  • Studying all day for my final exams has really burned me out.


"To burn out" berarti berhenti berfungsi karena penggunaan berlebihan atau membuat seseorang lelah karena terlalu banyak bekerja.

8. To Make Good: Berhasil

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • He is a hard worker, and I'm sure that he will make good in that new job.

  • Alma has always made good in everything that she has done.


"To make good" berarti berhasil dalam sesuatu.

9. Stands to Reason: Jelas dan Logis

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • It stands to reason that a person without experience cannot do the work as well as an experienced one.

  • It stands to reason that he isn't going to pass the course if he never studies.


"Stands to reason" hampir selalu digunakan dengan subjek "it" dan diikuti oleh klausa "that." Artinya, jelas dan logis.

10. To Break Out: Menjadi Menyebar dengan Cepat tiba-tiba

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • An epidemic of measles broke out in Chicago this past week.

  • If a nuclear war ever breaks out, it is unlikely that many people will survive.

  • The news says that a large fire has broken out in a huge chemical plant.


"To break out" berarti menjadi menyebar dengan cepat tiba-tiba.

11. As For: Mengenai, Tentang (juga: As To)

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • As for the money, we will simply have to borrow some more from the bank.

  • There is no doubt as to her intelligence; she's the smartest one in the class.


"As for" digunakan untuk mengacu pada topik atau subjek tertentu dalam pembicaraan.

12. To Feel Sorry For: Merasa Kasihan, Merasa Simpati terhadap (juga: To Take Pity On)

Contoh Penggunaan:

  • Don't you feel sorry for someone who has to work the night shift?

  • I helped drive Pierre around when he broke his foot because I took pity on him.


"To feel sorry for" berarti merasa kasihan atau merasa simpati terhadap seseorang.

Teruslah menggali ke dalam kekayaan idiom bahasa Inggris untuk memperkaya pemahaman dan kemampuan berbahasa Anda. Jangan ragu untuk mengintegrasikan idiom ini dalam percakapan sehari-hari Anda untuk meningkatkan kefasihan dan esensi dalam berkomunikasi. Selamat menjelajah dunia ungkapan yang menarik!

Idiomatic Expression Quiz

Latihan Soal Idiom - Lesson 12

Choose the appropriate idiomatic expression to substitute for the italicized word or words in each sentence below.

1. I had to use a lot of paper and matches before I was able to get the wood in the fireplace to begin to burn.

A. to burn down
B. to catch fire
C. to burn up

2. If you stay up late every night, it seems logical that you'll get sick.

A. stands to reason
B. makes good
C. feels sorry for

3. The coach inflated several of the players' soccer balls that were too soft.

A. broke out
B. made out (Lesson 10)
C. blew up

4. From the beginning I knew that I wanted to go to medical school and to become a doctor.

A. All along (Lesson 2)
B. As for
C. At least (Lesson 4)

5. This set of reference books is so old that the library should buy one that is more current.

A. out of date
B. first rate (Lesson 10)
C. up to date

6. I pity Marilyn because everything of value in her house was stolen by thieves.

A. tick off
B. count on (Lesson 6)
C. feel sorry for

7. If you continue without taking a break this difficult work will make you tired.

A. burn you out
B. burn you up
C. burn you down

8. Those two sisters look so much alike that I often get confused about their names.

A. mixed up (Lesson 10)
B. broken out
C. out of date

9. Regarding me, I don't care where we go today. It's up to you.

A. To be about to (Lesson 8)
B. As for
C. To think of (Lesson 7)

10. It makes me annoyed that Jocelyn didn't call to cancel our appointment.

A. burns me up
B. breaks me out
C. burns me down

Score: 0

Lihat Materi Idioms di bawah ini:

Materi dan Latihan Soal Idiom - Lesson 1

Materi dan Latihan Soal Idiom - Lesson 2

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